Mahendra Singh Dhoni Biography

Mahendra Singh Dhoni Biography


A man born with the potentials of playing football as a goalkeeper but the period of life changes and made him a well addressed, well-known cricketer. MAHENDRA SINGH DHONI, the son of       
PAN SINGH DHONI was born on 7th July 1981.
     




 MAHENDRA SINGH DHONI studied at DAV JAWAHAR VIDYA MANDIR, RANCHI, JHARKHAND where he initially excelled in badminton and football and he was also selected at district and club level in these sports. A small-town boy from Ranchi with great potentials in every condition of his life. He was generally called MAHI by his friends, parents, and others who initially knew him. A cricket coach saw DHONI as goalkeeping for his school and recommended him to play as the role of a wicketkeeper in his school cricket team. DHONI  started playing cricket for his school cricket team and then he mastered in his cricketing abilities by practicing. He used to do both sports and study activities simultaneously. After his grabbing interest in cricket, he started playing for his school cricket team. He was a   wicketkeeper-batsman in his team.


Mahendra Singh Dhoni Biography

He achieved great medals and honors in his school life but his aim was now to play for his nation and also to make his nation proud and honored in the sports of cricket. He then started playing for the BIHAR cricket team. In 1998, Dhoni was selected by Deval Sahay to play for the Central Coal Fields Limited (CCL) team. Till 1998 Dhoni, who was in class 12th in school, had played only school cricket and club cricket and no professional cricket. One of the famous episodes, when Dhoni used to play for CCL, was when Deval Sahay used to gift him Rs 50 for each six that he hit in Sheesh Mahal tournament cricket matches. Playing for CCL, he got a chance to bat up the order. He grabbed the opportunity and scored centuries and helped CCL move to the A division. Deval Sahay impressed by his hard-hitting shots and dedication used his contacts in Bihar Cricket Association to push for his selection in the Bihar tea Deval Sahay, an ex Bihar Cricket Association Vice-President, was the Ranchi District Cricket President at that time and was instrumental in pushing Dhoni to the big stage of the Ranchi team, junior Bihar cricket team and eventually senior Bihar Ranji Team for the 1999–2000 season. Within 1 year, Dhoni moved from playing in CCL to the Bihar Ranji team . Dhoni has credited Deval Sahay for instilling discipline in him. Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998–99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter-finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) or Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy, where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357 Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19s' 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358. Dhoni's contribution in the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings. Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches, as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. after this. Dhoni had humble beginnings and needed a job to sustain his cricketing pursuits, writes author and journalist Biswadeep Ghosh in his biography titled MSD, The Man, The leader, which traces the journey of this Ranchi boy.

The search for a job took Dhoni, who had already played Under-19 cricket for Bihar in the Cooch Behar Trophy, to the city of Kharagpur in West Bengal, best known for the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and the longest railway platform.

The late Animesh Ganguly, the then Divisional Railway Manager (DRM) of the South Eastern Railways (SER) and a cricket fanatic, was not only searching for a Train Ticket Examiner (TTE, usually referred to as a ticket collector) but also a cricketer who could fit into the SER team.

As luck would have it Dhoni not only cleared the TTE exam but also became an integral part of the SER cricket team.

It is difficult to imagine the Indian captain checking tickets but the book confirms.


His interest in cricket made him leave his job and go back home and he started preparing for the upcoming cricket tournaments.DHONI got selected for his STATE RANJI TEAM.

Dhoni's performance in the 2002–03 season included three half-centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy, as he started gaining recognition for his lower-order contribution as well as hard-hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI tournament. Dhoni was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy 2003–2004 season and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches,[4 including a century (114) against Central zone.
In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over international cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East Zone. He scored a fighting half-century in the second innings in a losing cause. Dhoni's talent was discovered via the BCCI's small-town talent-spotting initiative TRDW. Dhoni was discovered by TRDO Prakash Poddar, captain of Bengal in the 1960s when he saw Dhoni play for Jharkhand at a match in Jamshedpur in 2003, and sent a report to the National Cricket Academy.

India A team: DHONI'S just the beginning of his career got selected for INDIA A team.
He was recognized for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the One Day format and was picked for India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya. against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match. In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India A, and Pakistan A, Dhoni helped India A chase down their target of 223 against Pakistan A with a half-century. Continuing his good performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120  and 119 – against the same team. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 6 innings at an average of 72.40 and his performance in the series received attention from the then Indian captain – Sourav Ganguly and Ravi Shastri, amongst others.
START  OF DHONI'S CAREER:
The Indian ODI team in the early 2000s saw Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent. The team also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks, with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik (both India U-19 captains) named in the Test squads. With Dhoni making a mark in the India A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05. Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.  In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.

Start of "Dhoni" era

In the second match of the series, Dhoni, in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Visakhapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 surpassed the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicket-keeper, a record that he would re-write before the end of the year.
Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and, in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for IndiaThe innings was described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'. The innings set various records including the highest individual score in ODI cricket in the second innings, a record was only broken after seven years by Shane Watson. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346) and was awarded the Man of the Series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni has rewarded a B-grade contract by the BCCI.

Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at an international level.
India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However, the team finished poorly scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to the Duckworth-Lewis method In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series. The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India to win the series 4–1. Due to his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI Rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006 becoming the fastest batsman to do so, in 42 innings. His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.
Two canceled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns and the replacement three-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the West Indies ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket-keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani. Yet, for his performances in 2006, he was named in the World ODI XI by the ICC
After a lot of hard work in the training sessions and gym, it was time for the 2007 twenty-twenty cricket world cup.

2007 World Cup

Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victory over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series.
India unexpectedly crashed out of the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka in the group stage. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored just 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in the 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalized and damaged by political activists of JMM. The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World Cup in the first round.
Dhoni put his disappointing performances in the World Cup behind him by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the Man of the Match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the Man of the Series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, scoring 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out off 97 balls, a Man of the Match innings, in the third ODI.
Dhoni was named vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England seven-match ODI series. Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. He was also elected as the captain of the Indian squad for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007, Dhoni equaled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record. 

 INDIA WON THE 2007 20-20 WORLD CUP UNDER THE CAPTAINSHIP OF MS DHONI  DEFEATING PAKISTAN IN THE FINALS. 

THERE WAS ONLY ONE NAME MAHENDRA SINGH DHONI AND THE CHANTS WERE ON DHONI! DHONI!! DHONI!

DHONI JUST MASTERED IN HIS WICKET KEEPING WITH AN AVERAGE OF

Catches/stumpings

[256/38

321/123

57/34]

 

After all his hard work DHONI got married to  SAKSHI RAWAT 

AFTER HIS MARRIAGE HIS AIM WAS ON WORLD CUP2011 WHICH WAS HELD IN INDIA: DHONI and his boys started training and preparation of world cup 2011. team India was consistent throughout the tournament by winning matches, they beat Australia in quarter-finals and mighty Pakistan in semifinals .it  was time for the finals where Under Dhoni's captaincy, India won the 2011 World Cup. In the final against Sri Lanka, chasing 275, Dhoni promoted himself up the batting order, coming before an in-form Yuvraj Singh. When he came to bat, India needed more than six runs per over with three top-order batsmen already dismissed. He started building a good partnership with Gautam Gambhir. Due to good strokeplay and active running between wickets, they kept up with the required run rate. Dhoni was on 60 off 60 balls but later accelerated with a greater frequency of boundaries, ending with 91 not out off 79 balls. Befitting the occasion, he finished the match off in style with a huge six over long-on off bowler Nuwan Kulasekara and won the Man of the Match award. Later in the post-match presentation, he admitted that he came up with the order so as to counter the Muralitharan spin threat, as he was very familiar with Murali's bowling, who was his teammate in the Indian Premier League (IPL) franchise Chennai Super Kings. He had come after the dismissal of Virat Kohli, also a right-handed batsman. By partnering with the left-handed Gambhir, he ensured a right-left combination at the crease that makes it difficult for bowlers to settle into a rhythm.

IN IPL DHONI USED TO PLAY FOR CSK AND HAS WON THREE TROPHIES IN THE 12 EDITIONS OF THE FORMAT



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DHONI IS ALSO CALLED AS THALA BY THE CHENNAI FANS AS A NICKNAME

THE TIME TO GET THE CHAMPIONS TROPHY: DHONI AND COMPANY DEFEATED ENGLAND IN THE FINALS AND WON THE ICC CHAMPIONS TROPHY 2013.
DHONI BECAME THE MOST SUCCESSFUL CAPTAIN IN THE CRICKET HISTORY AND WAS ALSO GIVEN THE TAG OF BEST FINISHER IN THE WORLD.






Test career

Following his good one-day performance against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian teams' Test wicket-keeper. Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match, which was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played aggressive innings in which he was the last man to be dismissed. Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half-century came off 51 balls) helped India set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.
India toured Pakistan in January–February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India was in a tight spot when Dhoni along with Irfan Pathan tried to steady the ship, with the team still needing 107 runs to avoid a follow-on. Dhoni played in his naturally aggressive style as he brought up his maiden Test hundred in just 93 balls after scoring the first fifty in just 34 deliveries.
Dhoni followed up the century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third Test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 helped India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However, Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped catches and missed many dismissal chances, including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14). Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India was never in danger of threatening. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selection
On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and he finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the Test series in South Africa later that year, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second Test against the Proteas, as India lost the series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first-ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third Test match.
On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation GroundSt John'sAntigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when the confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger-wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticized by the commentators and former players. Lara was summoned by the match referee to give an explanation of his actions but he was not fined.
Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of three matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number one position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9  in the third match of this series, which was their highest Test total then.
He played his last series in the 2014–15 season in India's tour of Australia captaining India in the second and third tests; losing the second and drawing the third, trailing the series 2–0 before the Sydney Test. Following the third Test in Melbourne, Dhoni announced his retirement from the format.in his last Test, he affected nine dismissals (eight catches and a stumping), and in the process, he went past Kumar Sangakkara in the record for stumpings with 134 (in all three formats combined). He also set a record for effecting the most dismissals in a match by an Indian wicketkeeper until it was broken by Wriddhiman Saha in 2018. He finished his last innings unbeaten making 24 runs.

MS DHONI GOT RETIRED FROM TEST CRICKET ON DECEMBER 30 IN THE YEAR 2014


DHONI CAPTAINED FOR TEAM INDIA FOR 12 YEARS AND LEFT HIS CAPTAINSHIP. 

Awards and accolades

National honors

Sporting honors

Other honors and awards



  • MTV Youth Icon of the Year: 2006
  • LG People's Choice Award: 2013
  • Honorary doctorate degree by De Montfort University in August 2011
    PADMA BHUSHAN AWARD
    DHONI HAD PLAYED HIS LAST INTERNATIONAL MATCH UNTIL NOW AGAINST NEWZEALAND IN THE SEMIFINAL OF THE WORLD CUP 2019



THERE IS ALSO A MOVIE ON THE BIOGRAPHY OF MS DHONI NAMED: MS DHONI THE UNTOLD STORY.
MAHENDRA SINGH DHONI IS A LIVING LEGEND 


BUT A BIG QUESTION STILL STAYS,



IS DHONI GOING TO GET RETIRE OR HE WILL BE PLAYING FURTHER? 

THE QUESTION STANDS STRONG............ 








































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